Judo is a popular martial arts style and Olympic sport with a rich, though relatively recent history. Breaking the term judo down, ju means “gentle” and do “means the way or path.” Thus, judo translates to “the gentle way.” It’s named the “gentle way” because the essence of Judo is to use your opponent’s energy against him, without having to exert unnecessary amounts of force. Unlike striking arts such as Karate, Judo focuses more on throws and trips, as well as various joint locks and chokes. Judo is one of the most practiced martial arts in the world. Its efficiency and combat pedigree has made it ideal for sports, where it’s been an Olympic sport since 1964, and for modern self-defense needs.